If you wanted to change an ancient culture in a generation, how would you do it?
You would change the way it educates its children.

From the Schooling the World website

Quotes from the film (scroll down a bit)

Got a question? Think that they are being a bit simplistic? Or that traditional society is being romanticised, or that rural villages should also have modern medicine, or that girls' education is important? The FAQ

Traditional vs Western knowledge

A hallmark of traditional knowledge is that details are exquisitely noted and communicated in such a way that the user can detect small changes and respond accordingly.

This approach to traditional knowledge has existed as long as we have as a species. The act of residing, surviving, and thriving in a place means that the resident must “know” her environment in such a way as to repeatedly have a high likelihood of regularly acquiring necessary resources, whether they are physical or not, on a regular basis. The consequence of failure is not the ridicule of one’s peers or the failure to get a research grant; it is sickness, suffering, and death. One could say that the stakes in traditional knowledge are much higher, and hence so is the precision. Traditional knowledge requires something that, with few exceptions, Western science has failed to accomplish: long periods of observation in the same place and the transmission of these observations to others in that place so that they can use them practically and often, from a young age.

From 'The Other Way of Knowing'
Yeah, ok, Indigenous Knowledge Systems are classified as an Area of Knowledge for TOK, but might they also be (or more accurately be) a Way of Knowing?

Learning from Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Western schools are about a century old, yet traditional societies have been educating their children for thousands of years...